If you are a contractor who has been injured on the job while working overseas in Iraq, Afghanistan or on any military base across the world, your case is covered by the Defense Base Act which is an extension of the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act. At the Law Offices of Gillis, Mermell & Pacheco, P.A., we have a combination of over 43 years of experience in representing injured workers covered by the Defense Base Act and the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act. Let us put our years of experience and our reputation to work for you today! Contact us today at firstname.lastname@example.org, or go on our website at www.dbalawyers.com and fill out our form on the contact us page, or call us at 305 595 3350.
Here are some very interesting facts and case summaries regarding discusses settlements in a DBA or Longshore case coming directly from the Longshore Deskbook from the Benefits Review Board. The Longshore Desk Book is a searchable website which is a public record. According to the Longshore Deskbook:
Specifically, Section 8(i)(1) provides
Whenever the parties to any claim for compensation under the Act, including survivors benefits, agree to a settlement, the deputy commissioner or administrative law judge shall approve the settlement within thirty days unless it is found to be inadequate or procured by duress. Such settlement may include future medical benefits if the parties agree.
33 U.S.C. §908(i)(1). The section further states that no liability of any employer or carrier is discharged unless the settlement is approved and, if the parties to the settlement are represented by counsel, the agreement shall be deemed approved unless specifically disapproved within thirty days after submission for approval. The regulations contain specific provisions delineating the beginning and ending times for this 30-day period. 20 C.F.R. §702.241(b)-(d),(f).
Section 8(i)(2) states that where the deputy commissioner disapproves an application for settlement, he must issue a written statement within 30 days stating the reasons for the disapproval. Any party to the settlement can then request a hearing before an administrative law judge, after which the judge must enter an order approving or rejecting the settlement. See 20 C.F.R. §702.243.
A settlement approved under Section 8(i) discharges the liability of the employer or carrier, or both. 33 U.S.C. §908(i)(3). This subsection further provides that a settlement may be agreed to at any stage of the proceedings, including after entry of a final compensation order. This provision complements the repeal of Section 14(j), 33 U.S.C. §914(j)(1982)(repealed 1984), which provided for the commutation of benefits by the Secretary after an award had been issued.
Section 8(i)(4) addresses the liability of the Special Fund where the claimant and employer wish to settle a case. See Brady v. J. Young & Co., 17 BRBS 46 (1985), recon. denied, 18 BRBS 167 (1985) (amended provision applies to settlements after enactment date of 1984 Amendments). It provides that the Special Fund is not liable for reimbursement of any sums paid to an employee under an approved settlement or voluntarily paid prior to a settlement by an employer or carrier or both.
A settlement under Section 8(i) thus is a final resolution of a claim. Section 22 of the Act explicitly states that settlements are not subject to modification. 33 U.S.C. §922. However, where the parties enter into an agreement which does not comply with the requirements for a Section 8(i) settlement, the claim remains open and pending if it has not been closed by a compensation order, see Intercounty Constr. Corp. v. Walter, 422 U.S. 1, 2 BRBS 3 (1975), and if a compensation order is issued based on the parties’ stipulations, the case is subject to modification. E.g., Finch v. Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., 22 BRBS 196 (1989); Madrid v. Coast Marine Constr. Co., 22 BRBS 148 (1989); Lawrence v. Toledo Lake Front Docks, 21 BRBS 282 (1988); Falcone v. General Dynamics Corp., 21 BRBS 145 (1988). See Finality, infra.
If you have a question about the settlement of your case or any other question in your DBA or Longshore case, Contact Us today at email@example.com, or go on our website at www.dbalawyers.com and fill out our form on the contact us page, or call us at 305 595 3350.